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  • "Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) Telecommunications Reform Project": "Most of the OECS countries had not established procedures for reviewing and processing requests for spectrum allocation... There is an agreement among the Heads of Government of the five participating OECS countries to establish a harmonized regulatory framework and a competent regulatory authority tailored to a newly liberalized environment... The OECS Telecommunications Sector reform project became effective on October 10th 1998, with its offices located in Castries St. Lucia."
  • "Treaty Establishing the Eastern Caribbean Telecommunications Authority" (2000).
  • Eastern Caribbean Telecommunications Authority: founded by the Governments of Dominica, Grenada, Saint Christopher and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and The Grenadines, "to promote market liberalisation and competition...and to manage the radio frequency spectrum... It works closely with the National Telecommunications Regulatory Commissions in each member state... Work is currently underway on the Exemption Regulation which addresses the use of low power devices not requiring licensing."
  • Regional Radio Spectrum Plan - draft of 17 June 2005, Eastern Caribbean Telecom Authority. "Unlicensed Spectrum" is discussed in Section 12.0. Only two bands seem to be authorised for license exempt use: 2.400-2.483 and 5.775-5.830 GHz. All license-exempt equipment must be type approved "based on FCC Part 15 standards..."
  • "Regional Spectrum Management Issues for Consideration by the Spectrum Management Task Force," Caribbean Telecommunications Union, prepared for a meeting on St. Vincent and the Grenadines, 2-6 October 2006 (21 pages in English). Emphasizes the "spectrum as property" paradigm; no mention at all of license exemption.
  • "A Consultation Document on the Caribbean Spectrum Management Policy," Caribbean Spectrum Management Task Force, October 2006 (16 pages in English). For some reason, the CSMTF/CTU website did not mention this consultation or provide the consultation document. We learned about it from the website of Jamaica's regulator - after the consultation ended on 24 November 2006. One of the questions asked was: "Having regard to the Caribbean region, in your opinion what frequencies should be allocated to WIMAX, WIFI and unlicensed spectrum?"
  • "Caribbean Digital Library: Information and Communications (including ICT)" United Nations Economic Commission for the Caribbean: telecommunications laws, national ICT development plans, e-readiness assessments, etc.
  • Anguilla: "Notice: Two-way radio operations must be licensed by January 31, 2011," Anguilla News, 9 January 2011: "Owners of two-way radio operations in Anguilla are reminded that they must have all sets in their possession licensed on or before the 31st January 2011, in accordance with the Telecommunications (Special Provisions) Act, 2009. This notice applies to Amateur radio operators; Ferry boat and Ship operators; Aeronautical; Business radio systems (base set or mobile); Marine radios (mobile or coastal); Broadcasting Stations, FM and AM (private or public), Television Stations; Fishing boats; or any other two-way radio operations operating in Anguilla... Any person operating a radio which is not licensed is guilty of an offence under the Telecommunications (Special Provisions) Act, 2009..."
  • Antigua and Barbuda: "Digicel and Govt Spread Internet," Caribarena, 2 October 2010: "The initiative - entitled 'Technology for Communication, Education and Empowerment' - is a joint initiative between Digicel and the Government of Antigua and Barbuda and will use Wi-Fi technology to bring Broadband Internet into 3,000 homes across the communities of Grays-Green, Yorks, and Lower Gambles, as well as more than 5,000 secondary school students... The initiative will significantly increase the number of households with regular access to the Internet as schools, homes, and villages get connected for the first time..."
  • St. Maartens: "Crackdown on illegal equipment and tampering of Wi-Fi systems," The Daily Herald, 23 August 2009: "Philipsburg - The Bureau of Telecommunication and Post has begun cracking down on persons and businesses that have been illegally using and/or tampering with wireless internet systems in the 2.4 ghz spectrum. Inspectors from the department have already confiscated a stash of illegal equipment from stores and end users... Managing Director of the Bureau Joao Duart de Canha said illegal activity has been on the rise over the last half-year, resulting in major interference in the signals of licensed operators NTG (Caribserve), UTS, SMITCOMS/TelCell/TelNet, Scarlet and Netstar... De Canha explained that businesses need a licence to use, possess and exploit radio electrical equipment, transceivers and transmitters. [emphasis added] After a thorough investigation, it was determined that none of the establishments from which equipment was confiscated had a license. It was apparent, he said, that store owners knew it was illegal to sell the equipment since the equipment is not on display in the store front, but retrieved from the rear when a customer asks..."
  • Trinidad & Tobago: "Free Spectrum for All: Policy on License Exemption of Systems in the 2.4 GHz and 5.8GHz Bands (DRAFT PROPOSAL)," Ministry of Public Administration & Information, April 2004, 20 pages in English.
  • "Sawtel Selects Meru," Unstrung Newsfeed, 6 February 2006: "...Sawtel Inc., a Satellite and Wireless Telecommunications company, has chosen Meru Networks for an island-wide Wi-Fi deployment in the Bahamas... For the 1000 node, island-wide deployment, Sawtel Inc. will use Meru's WLAN System outdoors and indoors to create the world's largest virtual cell covering a 20 x 7 mile area..."
  • "Vieques: Wireless Hot Spot In The Caribbean" by Nikhil Hutheesing, Forbes, 11 April 2005: "Vieques is a tiny island just off the western coast of Puerto Rico... This sleepy island--long without adequate communication services--could very well leapfrog ahead of many places such as San Juan, and even US cities, thanks to the implementation of wireless networks. Indeed, Vieques--a test bed for weapons for six decades--is now a test bed for wireless... about 60% of the island is now served by high-speed Wi-Fi networks, and 90% will be covered by the end of this year..."
  • "Frequency Allocation Plan for Grenada," National Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Grenada, February 2006: 2400.000 - 2483.500 MHz is allocated to "Spread Spectrum Applications." NTRC's Guidance Notes for licensing says "type approval" is considered a "Type C" class license, which is issued automatically when equipment is approved for sale and use on the island of Grenada: "Generally, where the frequency bands to be used are shared by various users, no separate frequency application would be required. The licence, however, would impose the obligations with respect to the use of the band, especially in respect of harmful interference..."
  • "AXCESS Awarded $2 Million Contract for Integrated RFID and Sensor Port Security Solution in Barbados," company press release, 20 March 2007.

Latin America & Caribbean - Regional Overview