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  • هيئة تنظيم قطاع الاتصالات الشروط والمتطلبات اللازمة للحصول على الموافقة النوعية للأجهزة التي تعمل على تقنية ("Spread Spectrum for use within the confined area or a building in the frequency ranges: 2.400-2.4835 GHz, 5.15-5.25 GHz, and 5.725-5.85 GHz"), Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, in Arabic.
  • List of WiFi hot-spots in Jordan
  • "Batelco Jordan deploys WiFi hotspots...",, 12 July 2006: "'The WiFi hotspots have been placed, so far, in 11 key locations including top universities across the Kingdom such as Irbid University, Amman Arab University, Isra University, UN University and Depaul University,' said CEO of Batelco Jordan, Mr. Marwan Juma'a. 'Meanwhile, we have also installed hotspots in various restaurants and frequented venues such as Burger King, Apple Bees, Whispers restaurant, Wild Jordan and Donuts Factory,' he added... Swedish Aptilo Networks has entered into an agreement with Bahrain Telecommunications Company (Batelco) to deliver infrastructure that will serve as a foundation for a new WiFi network with hot spots in Jordan. The system will be monitored and managed from Batelco's headquarters in Bahrain..."
  • "Starbucks rolls out 'SmartSpot' wireless Internet service in Jordan," by Ibrahim Owais, OceanCreep, 11 June 2005.
  • "US Robotics predicts Jordan wireless boom" - company press release on the de-licensing of radio LANs (October 2003). But so far as we can tell, de-licensing only applies to indoor use at less than 100mW power output.
  • "Omnitele commissioned by TRC Jordan to create a new frequency management framework," Omnitele press release, 28 January 2011: "Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Jordan and Omnitele, a Finnish telecommunications consultancy, have signed a contract for consultancy on the frequency management in Jordan... As a part of the project, Omnitele will create new regulation for the liberalisation of a number of licensed bands in the radio spectrum. This will include a structure for frequency license renewal fees and possible compensation, a re-farming process for some of the bands, and procedures for the grant of new spectrum licenses..."
  • The Information Technology Association of Jordan (INT@J) "organized its first Wireless Technology Seminar on Monday June 13, 2005 in Amman... The final session [included a presentation] on Regulating Wireless by Muwaffaq Abu Aqola of TRC..."
  • "Pilot Projects for Deployment of Wireless IP Based System in Rural Areas of Jordan," Middle East Networks & Communications (ME-NetComs), autumn 2003:
    "There are current TRC (Telecommunication and Regulatory Commission) obstacles in Jordan that prevent the use of both Wireless WAN equipment and VoIP due to the exclusivity of the Jordan Telecom for voice and data connectivity until the end of 2004. ME-NetComs has submitted requests for the application of wireless technologies in rural areas in order to achieve a nation wide initiative called Connecting Jordanians. It is still under review..."
  • "Telecommunications Licensing in Jordan" by Mamoun Balqar, presented at an ITU/BDT Arab Regional Workshop on Licensing in Amman, Jordan (September 2003).
  • According to a presentation at the same ITU/BDT workshop by Mohammed al-Wathiq Shaqrah of Jordan's Radio Spectrum Management Department - prior to the de-licensing noted above - devices with less than 10mW output only needed type approval, but over 10mW, "class licenses" were necessary. Only indoor coverage was permitted; outdoor connectivity was authorized on a case-by-case basis. Shopkeepers were allowed to get RLAN licenses for their customers.
  • "Jordan Telecom demonstrates Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) technology for wireless Internet access at the University of Jordan," press release (22 December 2003).
  • "Survey of Jordan's Wireless Internet," by Greg Garramone, US Embassy Amman, 23 April 2003: "Jordan has allocated unlicensed radio-frequency spectrum for use by Wi-Fi and similar wireless technologies, specifically Spread Spectrum in frequency bands 2400-2483.5 MHz, 5150-5250 MHz and 5725-5850 MHz. Currently, Jordan allows only indoor use of Wi-Fi or similar wireless technologies with maximum Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) of 100mw. According to Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (TRC) regulations, devices producing EIRP under 10mw need only type approval, usually obtained by the vendor. Sites installing devices producing EIRP in excess of 10mw, but less than 100mw, need to obtain a usage license in addition to the type approval. Wi-Fi systems can not be used without a license in Jordan. A type license is required for devices producing EIRP under 10mw; additionally, a usage license is required for devices producing EIRP over 10mw but under 100mw... Wi-Fi can be used in licensed commercial outlets, such as Internet cafes, as long as the location abides by the regulations governing the use of Wi-Fi. There are currently no known commercial Wi-Fi networks that provide service to the public currently operating in Jordan... Wi-Fi is currently in use at few five star hotels for guest and staff use... [and] there are plans to outfit the Queen Alia International Airport passenger halls with Wi-Fi for use by travelers. Wi-Fi is currently not in use in rural areas in Jordan. MoICT sources told us that plans to connect all schools and universities throughout Jordan to the Internet are based on fiber optics and wired LAN's and WAN's... Wi-Fi usage is limited to indoor facilities for the time being..."

Middle East - Regional Overview