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  • "Profile of the Information Society in the State of Kuwait" by Madar Research Group (UAE) for the UN Economic and Social Commission for West Asia (29 October 2003): "The three major ISPs and 13 sub-ISPs as well as the 150 plus Internet cafés in Kuwait are required to adhere to a series of regulations circulated by the MoC, otherwise they face the prospect of their licenses being revoked or cancelled..." Article Three of Ministry of Communication's Ministerial Decision No. 70 of 2002 requires all ISPs and cafés to install content monitoring systems whose efficiency "must be accredited by the MoC."
  • "Kuwait: Infrastructure Risk," country briefing from the Economist Intelligence Unit (via Risk Wire/Thomson Dialog NewsEdge/, 18 December 2006: "Internet usage is the highest per capita in the GCC, in significant part due to a large expatriate population of foreign workers... The communications ministry has withdrawn licences from some Internet cafes, alleging infringements of codes of decency, and regulations have been introduced to tighten controls on Internet access. Kuwait has around 300 licensed Internet cafes and entertainment centres offering Internet services... In common with neighbouring states, the licensing of new [publications] remains in the government's hands and is not subject to legal appeal. This situation is periodically challenged by more liberally minded MPs, but to no avail... Another hopeful development is the government's proposal to privatise Kuwait Telecom, although past plans have never come to fruition. The lack of competition and uncertainty over Kuwait Telecom's ownership will mean that improvements in Internet access are likely to continue to lag behind those in developed economies..."
  • "Wi-Fi technology at Kuwait International Airport," AME-Info, 29 November 2003: "...Kuwait International Airport will be the first airport in the Middle East to provide Wireless Fidelity services for Internet connectivity via what is known as 'Hot Spots' within the airport's shopping areas..."
  • "Kuwait Wi-Fi boom: A marketing fad or a real product offering?" Arab Advisors Group, 14 June 2004.
  • "Kuwait launches WiFi service," United Press International, 11 April 2006: "Nationwide WiFi service for Wataniya Telecom subscribers was launched in Kuwait Tuesday. The W-Net service is available in public places such as hotels, shopping malls and cafes under a pay-as-you-go plan that can be accessed through short-message service...."
  • "Kuwait: Wireless Internet Survey Results," by Abdul Azziz Mohammad Al-Osaimi, US Embassy Kuwait, 19 April 2003: "...the Government of Kuwait (GOK) has allocated unlicensed radio-frequency spectrum for use by Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) and similar technologies. The frequency band is 2.4-2.4835 GHz and does not exceed 100 mw. There are no separate allocations for indoor and outdoor use... Wi-Fi can be used without a license in Kuwait, provided the Wi-Fi is indoors. While no licenses are required, users must obtain type approval certificates from the Ministry of Communication... Wi-Fi systems cannot be used for commercial purposes without a license in Kuwait... there are not any commercial Wi-Fi networks currently operating in Kuwait that provide service to the public..."
  • "RFID Has a Future in Middle Eastern Phone Store," by Rhea Wessel, RFID Journal, 10 July 2009: "Future Communications Co. (FCC), which operates 35 telecommunications retail stores and service centers in Kuwait, has implemented RFID at a Nokia mobile phone store it operates in the Arraya Shopping Center, and the company continues to test the technology... The project got its start as a pilot in 2006, making it the first retail RFID deployment in the Middle East and North Africa, according to the company. The pilot, which involved the placement of EPC Gen 2 RFID tags on all electronic devices and accessories, was designed to test the technology's use at the point of sale, in the supply chain and for taking inventory. RFID solutions provider Future RFID, a sister company of Future Communications, implemented the system. Based on that pilot's success, the retailer decided to keep the RFID deployment in operation..."
  • "Kuwait plans to punish Bluetooth technology abuse," by Nirmala Janssen, Gulf News, 23 September 2004: "Member of Parliament Mohammad Al Khalifa has proposed the inclusion of a new article to a 1976 law on the misuse of telephones to set jail terms ranging from six months to three years for Bluetooth abusers... Kuwaiti society has been abuzz since August when the press reported the abuse of the technology by young men who used their mobile telephone cameras to photograph women at malls, weddings and receptions and then circulate them among their friends. Many young men also recorded their clandestine dates with their girlfriends and then made the recordings public to the chagrin of many conservative families. The Ministry of Justice then announced that it will present a draft law to incriminate the use of communication devices... The draft law then set off a debate in the country on whether new technology which could immensely benefit the country should be banned because of the stupidity of a few misguided youth..."
  • "National Assembly's legislative committee approves Bluetooth sanctions," Kuwait News Agency, 16 April 2005.
  • "Waves on weekend; Legal 'leash' on Bluetooth," by Dahlia Kholaif, Arab Times Kuwait, 29 May 2007: "The Parliament Tuesday approved a draft law making the misuse of Bluetooth devices a criminal offense. According to the draft law, those who use Bluetooth technology to take pictures or video clips of others without their knowledge or consent, or extract defamatory items from such pictures, will face a penalty of up to 2,000 dinars and/or a two-year jail term. Those who exchange or send such contents will be slapped with a penalty of not more than 3,000 dinars and/or a jail term of three years. Misuse of such pictures or video clips for blackmailing or encouraging lewdness will lead to a prison sentence of five years and/or a penalty of up to 5,000 dinars... Expressing his fears about the consequences of the law, MP Saleh Ashour said 'if implemented this law will give telecommunication companies the right to use eavesdropping devices to track down violators...' "
  • "Attack of the Bluetooth Advertiser, Kuwait," Toxy's Jamstation, 8 November 2006: "So I sat down for my weekly meal at 'Entrecote' in Fenar Mall... Beep Beep... my phone 'message alert' went off. It was a Bluetooth message stating something along the lines of 'Out of the Blue wants to send you a message.' I looked around the largely empty restaurant in search of the usual culprits... Out of curiosity I opened the file and was greeted by an 'Animated GIF' file asking me to call an Advertising Company if I wanted to place a similar Bluetooth ad..."

Middle East - Regional Overview