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  • Communication Sector Country Profiles, UK Trade and Investment Office (no date): "Telecommunications in Libya is the sole preserve of the General Post & Telecommunications Company of Libya (GPTC). The company acts as a de facto Ministry of Telecommunications and is responsible for all fixed line, mobile and satellite operations and/or licensing. The company is headed by Eng. Mohamed Al-Qadhafi - eldest son of the Leader of the Revolution, Muammar Al-Qadhafi."
  • Website of GPTC
  • "Mobiles for every man, woman and child," by Marco Venditti, The Times Online,16 May 2005: "...telecommunications may be the next boom industry there. The streets of Tripoli are dotted with internet cafés and its rooftops with satellite dishes. Try to hold a conversation with a Libyan and it is likely that you will be interrupted by a mobile phone ringing in his pocket... 'Our goal is to achieve 100 per cent penetration in mobile communication in fewer than three years,' says [Mohamed Al-]Gaddafi, 'which means that every Libyan individual, [whether] newly born or very old, potentially will have his own mobile...'"
  • "Libyan Airlines to enable in-flight mobile phone calls," Cellular News, 11 September 2009: "...Libyan Airlines is to become one of the first African airlines to support mobile phone calls during flights. Mobile OnAir equipment will be installed Libyan Airlines' brand new fleet of seven Airbus A320 aircraft flying routes across Europe and the Middle East. The airline is expecting delivery of the aircraft in 2010...
  • "...Libya skipped over landlines almost entirely and moved into the wireless and fiber-optic world. In fact, Libya's mobile phone subscriber rate in 2005 was the highest in a study of eighteen Arab nations conducted by Dubai-based Madar Research. Libya even outdoes the United Arab Emirates by boasting two competing state-owned modern mobile phone networks, Libyana, which recently introduced 3G technology to the country, and Almadar. These companies are both owned by the Libyan General Post and Telecommunication Company, but they compete against each other for customers by providing different pricing schemes and coverage areas..." ---"Libya: Recent Developments Impacting Foreign Investment," by Martin Hunt, Feras Gadamsi and Tarek M. Eltumi, Texas Journal of Oil, Gas, and Energy Law, 12 December 2006, page 280.
  • "The New York Times reported last week that Libya reached a US$250 million dollar agreement with One Laptop Per Child (OLPC), an American nonprofit group that is developing an inexpensive, educational laptop computer. Under the terms of the agreement, OLPC will supply 1.2 million Libyan children with laptops, computer servers for each school, satellite Internet service, technical consultation, and other infrastructure by June 2008..." [Note that these laptops will come with WiFi built in.] ---From "Laptop Licensing," by Dennis Posadas, AsiaMedia, 20 October 2006.
  • "Country Profile: Libya, April 2005," US Library of Congress, Federal Research Division, page 12: "In 2003 Libya had 67 Internet providers and more than 160,000 Internet users..."
  • "Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in Libya: Consultants Report - Part 1" by Ahmad I. abu-el-Haija, International Telecommunication Union, February 2002. The ITU picked Prof. abu-el-Haija "to assist Libya to enhance the development of the ICT sector and the utilization of ICT in the country... There have been several issues and considerable debates concerning important matters related to licensing, spectrum management, and frequency allocations. The lack of a regulatory body prevents taking correct decisions. Spectrum management is very important to the country..."
  • Libye IT - IT news from Libya in French.
  • "National Information and Communication Infrastructure Profile - Libyan Arab Jamahiriya" (1999?)

Africa - Regional Overview