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  • National Spectrum Plan, 15 November 2006 (304 pages). Footnote MLA3 says "class assignments" are used for the frequencies 2300-2483.5 MHz
  • No-fee "class licences" are automatically granted to the users of certain equipment which has been type-accepted by Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia (the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission). Class-licensed equipment includes CB transceivers, cordless telephones, VSATs, pagers, spread spectrum devices, GSM handsets and trunked or leased-channel mobile transceivers. See MCMC's "Information on Class Assignments."
  • Malaysia's policy is to gradually increase the use of class licenses and license exemption, while restricting the use of individual licenses to "activities with significant economic or social impact." On 24 March 2003, MCMC announced that service licenses are no longer needed to operate a public Internet access "hot-spot" so long as the access is through a licensed ISP. See "Guideline on the Provision of Wireless LAN Service using Spread Spectrum Communications Equipment," MCMC/G/01/03.
  • "Guideline on the Provision of Wireless LAN Service," MCMC/G/01/05 - WLAN. This replaces the Guideline from 2003
  • "Licences under the Communications and Multimedia Act of 1998" and "Frequently Asked Questions about Licences," MCMC.
  • "Service Provider Licensing System in the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Industry" by Safinaz Mohd. Hussein (Faculty of Law, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia), Journal of Information Law and Technology, number 3/2004
  • "Division to manage radio spectrum" by Foo Eu Jin, NSTP e-Media, 5 July 2005: "Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) is looking into ways to better manage the country's radio spectrum, in line with the nation's proposed Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Blueprint..."
  • "Guide to Spectrum Research Collaboration Program with Institutions of Higher Learning," MCMC, April 2007, in English. An innovative program for collaboration between MCMC and educational institutions in Malaysia for studying the spectrum management implications of new wireless technologies, new approaches to spectrum management and the "wireless lifestyle." This is a good model for other countries to emulate!
  • "Eateries to offer Wi-Fi service in April," by Halim Said, New Straits Times, 2 January 2012: "This requirement [for restaurants to offer their customers Wi-Fi connectivity] has been set by City Hall as mandatory prerequisite for food operators when they apply for their licence to open a new restaurant or when existing operators renew their licence. However, the requirement would only apply to restaurants owners operating on premises bigger than 120 sq m in floor size. Besides the restaurants, the Wi-Fi requirement is also imposed on cafes, pubs, bars and club lounges. The outlet operators are free to provide the Wi-Fi service to their customers for free or for a reasonable fee... The mayor said a survey is being carried out to determine the number of eateries in the city centre that offer Wi-Fi. The survey will be carried out until March for City Hall to set up a database of Wi-Fi-ready eateries... He said the council is also looking at installing Wi-Fi facilities at public food courts. 'We are still studying the feasibility of installing them at public hawker centres,' said the mayor... Meanwhile, the mayor said the WirelessKL service would be discontinued after the expiry of the two-year contract for the free Wi-Fi service by Internet service provider Packet One Networks Sdn Bhd. The free Wi-Fi service was launched in May 2008. A total of 1,500 Wi-Fi hotspots were activated in the city, including public housing schemes and commercial centres. When asked why City Hall did not continue the free WirelessKL service with its service provider, Ahmad Fuad said the council wanted to give other service providers a chance to offer better connectivity and value-added service to city folk..."
  • "M'sian hotspots to boost broadband," by Edwin Yapp, ZDNet Asia, 1 February 2008: "Last month, local wireless broadband player Packet One Networks (P1) signed a deal with Kuala Lumpur City Hall (DBKL) and the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) to provide free Wi-Fi service in a project dubbed, The KL Wireless Metropolitan Project. Frost & Sullivan senior industry analyst Marc Einstein said this move follows a trend in several major Asia-Pacific metropolitan places such as Hong Kong, Singapore and Taipei, which have also undertaken free municipal-based Wi-Fi programs. In the KL Wireless deal, P1 will invest 50 million ringgit (US$15.5 million) to provide infrastructure which includes the provision of 1,500 Wi-Fi hotspots, to build a WiMax network beginning with Malaysia's main tourist belt situated in Kuala Lumpur. MCMC and DBKL will invest 5 million ringgit (US$1.5 million) each in the project. Slated to be completed by September, the hotspots will enable users to surf the Net for a period of two years for free with speeds of up to 512kbps..."
  • "WiFi for all airport users from now on," by Charles Fernandez, The Star online, 28 April 2007: "Malaysia Airports is currently upgrading its services and facilities to serve airport users at the Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT) better... With this, passengers will also have Internet access for free. The 'hotspots' Wifi@LCCT-KLIA service was launched by Malaysia Airports' managing director Datuk Seri Bashir Ahmad recently. The enhanced wired and wireless access is available at both the international and domestic departure areas and the public departure concourse... KLIA [Kuala Lumpur International Airport] was equipped with free wireless access last September and this new technology will support KLIA's network for many years to come as the capacity has increased 40 times from 622 megabits per second to 10 gigabits per second..."
  • "Kampung 'WiFi' to accelerate efforts for the National Broadband Initiative (NBI)," Suruhanjaya Komunikasi san Multimedia Malaysia press release, 15 September 2010: "...the Ministry of Information, Communications and Culture and the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) has launched the second Kampung WiFi (Kg WiFi) network at Rumah Panjang (RH) Guntol, Nanga Bekiok, Merurun, Julau, Sibu, in Sarawak... This will involve 500 village areas in 29 districts in Sarawak and is expected to be implemented by October 2010..."
  • "MCMC to complete setting up 131 WiFi villages in Sabah this month," Bernama New Agency, 21 May 2011: "The Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) is expected to complete the setting up of 131 WiFi villages in the state this month. MCMC director for Sabah and Labuan, Bukhari Yahya, said... the project was among the government's initiatives, through the Information Communication and Culture Ministry, to narrow the digital gap between the urban, rural and interior areas. He said 300 more WiFi villages would be set up in the state in the next phase of the project. Those using the service would only be charged minimally..."
  • Democratic Action Party criticizes govt for giving out free email accounts, suggests free Wi-Fi instead, DAP press release, 21 April 2011: "...spending RM50 million on duplicating efforts of Gmail, Yahoo, Hotmail etc to provide free email accounts is typical profile of a BN government being penny wise pound foolish... Why focus on providing something that is already free? This is just like selling ice to the Eskimos. Focus on providing free wifi or improving broadband speed, quality and reliability. The government should stop the monopoly given to certain companies and should instead open up the industry to competitive bidding so that users can enjoy better connectivity..."
  • "Malaysia launches world's smallest microchip with radio technology," Agence France Press, 26 February 2007 (via TerraNet): "The Malaysia Microchip was released after more than two years of research and development. The smallest version measures 0.7 millimetres by 0.7 millimetres, according to officials. Costing six cents each, three versions of the [RFID] chip were developed after the Malaysian government in 2003 bought the technology and the rights to design, manufacture and market the chip from Japan's FEC Inc.... The tiny microchip holds technology which emits radio waves on multiple frequencies, which means it can be detected when embedded in paper documents such as money, or in objects or animals. Its first commercial application in Malaysia is for tagging and identifying original versions of movies on VCDs and DVDs as part of anti-counterfeiting efforts in the country where video piracy is rampant... The chip is currently being produced in Japan but the minister said there were plans to move manufacturing to Malaysia..."
  • RFID Country Readiness Survey: The Malaysian Study," by Ahmad Razif Ramli, MCMC New Technologies Department, presented at the Asia Pacific Telecommunity Workshop on RFID in Ubiquitous Environment, Shenzhen, China (9 September 2005).

Asia & Pacific - Regional Overview