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  • Only indoor use of WiFi equipment with integral antennas (and no external antenna socket) is permitted without a license in Oman, "at 100 mW max. mean e.i.r.p. For direct sequence spread spectrum, the maximum mean e.i.r.p. density is limited to -20 dBW/1 MHz. For frequency hopping spread spectrum, the maximum spectrum power density is limited to -10 dBW/100 kHz." Only indoor use at up to 200 mW maximum mean permitted at 5150-5350 MHz without a license. In the 5250-5350 MHz range, Transmitter Power Control (TPC) and Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS) are required. 1 watt maximum mean e.i.r.p. with TPC and DFS is license exempt indoors and outdoors in the 5470-5725 MHz range, and up to 2 watts mean e.i.r.p. is exempt with TPC and DFS in the 5725-5850 MHz range, for outdoor use only. This information from "Towards a Successful Regional Broadband Spectrum Policy," a powerpoint presentation by Yousuf Al Balushi, TRA Oman at the Middle Eastern Spectrum Conference in Muscat, Oman, 29-30 September 2009.
  • "Ministry allocates RO50m for radio frequency spectrum," Times of Oman, 5 March 2012: "...Dr. Ahmed bin Mohammed al Futaisi, Transport and Communications Minister, said that the allocation of RO50 million for the plan, which has been approved by the Council of Ministers, will support the telecommunications sector in the Sultanate and will avail new civil and commercial frequencies. This, in turn, will promote the communication services and meet the growing demand to cover all governorates in the country... Dr. Amer Al Rawas CEO of Omantel said, 'We are pleased to hear the plans to implement a frequency evacuation plan which we trust will help us as operators to improve the services that we provide'..."
  • "Annex E. Short Range Devices, Frequency Ranges and Power Limitations" in English - effective 10 January 2010, this updates the National Frequency Assignment Table of 2008, implementing TRA Decisions No 114/2009 and 115/2009, ("Regulations on Short Range Devices (SRD), Short Range Radars (SRR) and Wireless Access Systems including Radio Local Area Networks [WAS/RLANs]"). Most of Annex E consists of a table entitled "SRD, Frequency Ranges, Radiated Power and Typical Applications." According to TRA's 2010 Work Plan, the SRD regulations will be updated annually from now on.
  • "Note on Licensing Options," Telecommunication Regulatory Authority, Oman, December 2004.
  • اعتماد الخطة الوطنية لتوزيع وتخصيص الطيف الترددي [Adoption of the national plan for distribution and allocation of the frequency spectrum], Al-Watan, in Arabic, May 2005. This newspaper article notes that the Communications Regulation Act promulgated by Royal Decree No. 30/2002 provides the legal basis for radio frequency management in Oman.
  • "The Sultanate of Oman will be receiving 2.5M smart ID cards from Gemalto for the country's national ID card program. It's the first program of it's kind in the Middle East and will begin at the end of the year. The cards will be used for both public service as well as for homeland security..." ---"Gemalto Gets Oman Id Card Deal," RFid Gazette, 26 September 2006.
  • "Improvement in Oman's mobile phone services," by Ravindra Nath, Khaleej Times, 28 November 2006: "The arrival of a second [mobile] operator has led to a surge in the number of mobile phone customers in Oman... [Since] TRA's establishment by a Royal Decree in 2002, it had steadily worked to develop the sector. 'It opened the sector to competition with the aim of achieving equality for all and provide various choices to the users...' " according to TRA Member Naashiah bint Saud Al Kharusi.
  • "Omantel monopoly to end," TradeArabia, 12 March 2007: "Oman plans to sell a fixed-line telephone licence this year, ending the monopoly of Oman Telecommunications Company (Omantel)..."
  • "Profile of the Information Society in the Sultanate of Oman" by Sultanate's Ministry of National Economy, for the UN Economic and Social Commission of West Asia, 3 November 2003: "Omantel is the sole service provider for voice, data and Internet services in Oman for both fixed and mobile services..."
  • "Omantel set to unveil IT revolution," Times of Oman, 25 July 2005: "...'Omantel has already introduced the wireless Internet on a trial basis based on WiFi standards. 'We are planning to launch the service commercially during the current year,' Mohammed Al Wohaibi said..."
  • "Strong demand for Omantel's wireless Internet service," Oman Daily Observer, 17 April 2006: "Omantel has announced plans to add a number of hotspots outside Muscat that allow for the use of its Wireless Internet Service (WiFi)..."
  • "Omani schools go wireless," AME Info, 9 December 2004.

Middle East - Regional Overview