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  • "Business Express to offer Wi-Fi service from tomorrow," Daily Times, 4 March 2012: "The promised Wi-Fi Internet service will start in Business Express Train from Monday (tomorrow) as all arrangements have been completed in this regard following the administration's deal with Pakistan Telecommunication Ltd (PTCL). Pak Business Train Chief Operating Officer (COO) Ejaz Ahmad said Saturday the PTCL have reached an agreement and passengers would now enjoy smooth Wi-Fi service during their journey between Lahore and Karachi. He said connectivity is still a major problem and passengers may face it in some flung areas of Punjab and Sindh during the journey because no company was ready to offer uninterrupted Internet services inside the train..."
  • "Site Clearance of VSAT and Spread Spectrum Links," Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA), 7 February 2007:

    "Only licensed Class value added Service, Data Communication Network Service (DCNS) and Non Voice Communication Network Services NVCNS Operators holding valid license issued by the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority can install VSAT and Spread Spectrum Technology (SST) radio links...

    "Prior to establishment of the VSAT and Spread spectrum Radio link, the Data Operators are required to obtain permission/site clearance from PTA...

    "The applicant is required to submit proposal comprising of Ten (10) sets whereas each set must contain the following documents:

    i. Letter of intent
    ii. Application on Prescribed Form
    iii. Detailed Technical Literature of the equipment
    iv. Network Plan/Site Plan [with] Site Coordinates duly verified by the Survey of Pakistan or acquired by commercially available GPS
    vi. Undertaking on the company letterhead in original (bearing company's monogram) that 'M/S ------------------------- will not use any secrecy device on the communication system'...

    "The Spread Spectrum radio links will operate in the deregulated S-band from 2.4735 - 2.4835 GHz and from 5.725 - 5.850 GHz in C-Band. If any company/person likes to avail these services indoor/residence it will not require permission from the Authority. However, if any company/person want to provide these services on commercial basis to potential users for business, the company/person will be required to get necessary site clearance from the Authority..." [emphasis added - note that it remains unclear if site clearance and an operator's license are needed to provide commercial service to residential users for nonbusiness purposes.]

  • "WiMAX trial in Pakistan," Cellular News, 26 September 2005: "China's ZTE Corp. has announced a trial of its Pre-WiMAX kit in Pakistan's capital Islamabad through local operator Telecard... The trial which begins in mid-October will offer telephone services to private residents, dedicated online services for enterprises, broadband services for hotels and wireless backhaul for Wi-Fi services for Islamabad airport. 'This is the first trial of its kind for ZTE in Pakistan where DSL coverage is extremely limited,' said Dr. James Jiang from ZTE's American R&D centre..."
  • The Government of Pakistan's Broadband Policy (22 December 2004): "5.4.1 - In order to streamline frequency management and allocation plan for Pakistan in accordance with the international standards; a high level technical committee with representations from MoIT, PTA, PEMRA and FAB will be formed... The proceedings of the committee meetings will lead to the development of a road map leading to the gradual availability of the unlicensed ITU standardized frequency bands for the broadband deployment... 5.4.3 - ...The bands in the IEEE 802 series need to be unlicensed and free for broadband usage in Pakistan in a non-exclusive manner.... - PTA to provide a regulatory framework for the unlicensed bands users..."
  • Frequency Allocations Board.
  • Pakistan Table of Frequency Allocations (9kHz-1000GHz) 2004.
  • Citizens Band Radio License and Application Form.
  • Non Voice Communication Network Services Regulations, 2004 - describes the license conditions.
  • Standard Operating Procedures for Type Approval of Wireless Equipment.
  • Pakistan Telecom Brief by Ken Zita, Network Dynamics Associates, April 2004: "The benchmark legislation for telecom is the Pakistan Telecommunication (Re-Organization) Act 1996. The Law established the regulator, the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority, PTA... [The current] spectrum policy does not encourage market innovation with new technologies. For example, there is no explicit provision for unlicensed spectrum such as WiFi and similar bands, nor is there specific endorsement of a petition process for industry participants to request new allocations based on emerging technologies. By settling on a traditionalist approach, the government is at risk of artificially constraining wireless network supply, creating unnecessarily high service charges, and depriving the economy of a much-needed stimulus from lower communications costs." (But see the Government's Broadband Policy statement of December 2004 for a more optimistic view.)
  • De-Regulation Policy for the Telecommunication Sector Ministry of Information Technology, July 2003: from Section 4.4, Radio Spectrum: "Radio spectrum is a valuable public resource belonging to the State and must be used in the public interest. The FAB is responsible for properly managing radio spectrum... Wherever possible and consistent with good spectrum management practices, licensees shall be required to share spectrum... The Licensees may not assign, lease or sell the rights of use of spectrum allocated to them in the first place... All entities using spectrum shall be charged a fee for spectrum..."
  • "Pakistan Telecommunications Liberalization (Part II)," by Yousaf Haroon, Pakistan Economist, 26 May - 1 June 2003. The 2004 annual survey can be found as Chapter 14 - "Transport and Communications" in Economic Survey of Pakistan 2004-2005, Part III, POINT Consulting.

Asia & Pacific - Regional Overview