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  • The National Telecommunications Commission's archive of laws, rules and regulations.
  • "Globe Telecom denies asking for free radio spectrum allocations," by Simon Davies, Cellular News, 6 June 2011: "Philippines based mobile network, Globe Telecom has refuted allegations that it is trying to acquire additional radio spectrum from the government 'free of charge', as is being claimed by rival Philippine Long Distance Telephone Co. (PLDT). The company noted in a statement that none of the operators pay a fee to be granted the rights to use spectrum - but must then pay an annual spectrum usage fee to the government..."
  • "Memorandum Circular No.: 03-08-2006: Use and Operation of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) within the 13.553-13.567 MHz, 918-920 MHz, and 2446-2454 MHz bands" NTC, posted 15 August 2006.
  • "Technical Specification for Short Range Radio Devices," NTC TES SRRD, 5 June 2006: "This specification covers the minimum radio frequency requirements for the type approval of all wireless data networks, RLAN and HIPERLANs; inductive applications; non-specific short range devices; equipment for detecting movement and alert; alarm systems for social, security and safety; road transport and traffic telematics; radio microphones; radio frequency identification; wireless audio applications; wireless video transmitter; active medical implants; and biomedical telemetry devices."
  • "Frequency Bands for the Use and Operation of Short Range Devices (SRDs)," NTC, revised final draft memo posted online 25 November 2005: Individual licenses are required for Wireless Microphones and "Road Transport and Traffic Telematics" devices.
  • "Memorandum Circular No. 06-08-2005: Frequency Band Allocations for Broadband Wireless Access," NTC, posted 24 August 2005. This document "re-allocates the following bands for broadband wireless access for fixed, nomadic and mobile networks: 450 - 470 Mhz; 1900 - 1910 MHz; 1980 - 1990 MHz; 2400 - 2483 MHz; 2500 - 2700 MHz; 3400 - 3600 MHz; 5150 - 5350 MHz; 5470 - 5850 MHz; [and] 10150 - 10650 MHz..."
  • "Memorandum Circular No. 09-09-2003 for Wireless Data Networks and Devices," NTC, 12 September 2003: "This memorandum circular shall cover all wireless data networks and devices operating within 2400MHz to 2483.5MHz, 5150Mhz to 5350MHz and 5470MHz to 5850MHz bands...
    • "5.2 Operation of private indoor WDN [Wireless Data Network] equipment and devices [defined as "radio equipment and devices with an effective radiated power (ERP) not exceeding 250mQ and no external antenna, e.g. WLAN cards or other similar cards directly sold to the end-users, WLAN enabled portable computers, bluetooth enabled mobile phones, bluetooth enabled portable computers and personal digital assistants"] within buildings shall not require permits and licenses provided that such equipment and devices are registered type approval/accepted by the Commission...
    • "5.4 All outdoor equipment/radio station [defined as "radio equipment/station with an effective radiated power exceeding 250mW"] whether for private WDN or public WDN shall be covered by appropriate permits and licenses..."
    • "7.1 The suspension on the filling, acceptance and processing of applications for various permits and licenses and demonstration purposes of radio equipment using spread spectrum technology (SST) within the band 2400MHz-2483.5MHz in the areas of National Capital Region, Region III and Region IV is lifted..."
  • "Application for New Network - Spread Spectrum" - the application form for a "Permit to Purchase/Possess and Construct" an outdoor WDN. The documentation required in support of the application includes a "justification of request/proposal," a copy of the applicant's current/latest income tax return, a statement of "Financial Assets and Liabilities," "Engineering plans duly signed and sealed by a registered Electronics & Communications Engineer," "Geographical Coordinates of proposed Station (should be included in the network diagram if multistation)" and "Antenna particulars". "Within fifteen (15) days after the purchase of said complete set of equipment, applicant shall file with the NTC an application for radio Station License (RSL)..."
  • "Unlicensed broadcast entities to get reprieve," by Paolo Montecillo, Philippine Daily Inquirer, 21 September 2010: "The National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) has opened a three-month window to allow unlicensed radio operators and broadcasters to register their equipment with the regulator without being penalized... NTC Memorandum Circular 05-09-2010 issued on Sept. 16 would grant general amnesty for unlicensed and unregistered radio equipment... Fees for the registration of these equipment will range from P1,500 to P5,000 apiece..."
  • "Position Paper Regarding Frequency Band Allocation for Broadband Wireless Access," ISP firm WiFi ng Bayan, posted on the NTC website, 15 June 2005 (59 pages):

    "...The Philippines is starting out with respect to the emergence of new technologies utilizing the RF Spectrum, one of which is Wi-Fi, which has the potential for ubiquitous connectivity and mobile productivity. Unfortunately, the economic case for additional dedicated unlicensed spectrum has not been sufficiently stressed, and more importantly, the Philippines has yet to adopt a regulatory or 'licensing' policy with respect to Wi-Fi... This paper explains and advocates the economic arguments in favor of maintaining frequency allocation with regards to Broadband Wireless Services, specifically that of Wi-Fi, as an unlicensed spectrum...

    "Section II explains why there is renewed interest in the unlicensed model worldwide, Section III clarifies what is essential about the 'unlicensed' model and addresses several potential misconceptions that may confuse how it differs from the licensed approach. Section IV focuses on the outdated arguments in favor of relying on a regime of exclusive licenses instead of unlicensed use for frequency spectrum, and explains why the need for the maintenance of Broadband Wireless Access for unlicensed use would be beneficial. Section V [and] Section VI explains the capabilities of using Wi-Fi as a solution to providing the last-mile connection not only in the urban setting but also to the rural setting by providing several key examples of community-based wireless internet service providers in other countries. Section VII provides for basic conclusions as well as basic policy recommendations..."

  • "Bold venture to make Edsa world's first Wifi highway," by Melvin G. Calimag, The Manila Bulletin Online, 18 March 2007: "Commuters with Wifi-enabled devices such as laptops, cellular phones, and PDA can actually connect for free from Ortigas, Pasig City to Kamias in Quezon City. The project has been dubbed 'SeicheTunnel' because Edsa, once formal commercial operations is started on April 14, will be blanketed in a tunnel-like Wifi signal... Chen said Edsa is the perfect testing ground for the SeicheTunnel because most Filipinos have drivers or chauffeurs in their cars, making it possible for them to surf the Internet while on the road. Although officials admitted that they are still awaiting regulatory approval, installation of vital equipment is almost complete and that customers can have a guaranteed speed of 256 kbps..."
  • "PLDT powers first Wi-Fi-enabled buses," by Emmie V. Abadilla, The Manilla Bulletin, 21 February 2011: "JAC Liner became the first bus line in the country to offer free Wi-Fi access on the road. Some 90 percent of their buses plying routes to Lucena and Mauban in Quezon, Biñan and Sta. Rosa in Laguna, as well as Marinduque, have free Wi-Fi Internet for passengers. Passengers with Wi-Fi capable gadgets such as laptops, mobile phones and other wireless devices can now log on to the internet during long bus rides..."
  • "Quiconnect opens up the Asian Wi-Fi market for its international telecoms customers," Quiconnect press release, 23 May 2007: "Quiconnect has completed contract negotiations with wireless ISP, Airborne Access, to provide Wi-Fi roaming services throughout the Philippines across its network of 550 hotspots..."
  • "The WiFi revolution," by April Dyan R. Furia and Julius Santos, Institute for Development and Econometric Analysis (via BusinessWorld Online, 27 March 2009): "...Among the first WiFi providers in the country are ePLDT with its BLiNK service and GlobeQuest for WiZ (Wireless Internet Zone). Both companies initially targeted mobile professionals and aimed to create a market for high speed Internet by strategically establishing hotspots or WiFi zones... Meanwhile, due to the increased wireless usage, the 6th Mindanao Information and Communications Technology Congress in 2007 opened a talk about making Davao City a free WiFi zone like Singapore..."
  • "Commercial Wi-Fi services, Bluetooth 'illegal': NTC" by Erwin Oliva and Joel Pinaroc, Philippine Daily Inquirer, 30 June 2003.
  • "NTC issues new wi-fi rules, lifts ban on 2.4 GHz use" by Erwin Lemuel G. Oliva, (19 August 2003).
  • "Government revises rules on wi-fi use" by Erwin Lemuel G. Oliva, (28 August 2003).
  • "Philippine Govt Hopes To Cash In On Bluetooth Technology," by Alex F. Villafania, Newsbytes News Network, 15 February 2001: Bluetooth was still illegal in the Philippines when the Government's Department of Science and Technology began "pouring a significant part of its attention and resources in developing products that integrate the Bluetooth standard..."
  • Memorandum Circular No. 09-09-2003: Wireless Data Networks and Devices (9 September 2003). Amended in April 2004 to add 915-928 MHz to the allowed bands. License exemption only for indoor use with ERP under 250 mW; license required for outdoor use; owner of unlicensed WLAN cannot offer net access service to the public for compensation.
  • "Shangri-La goes hi-tech with first mall-wide Wi-Fi access in RP," by Melvin G. Calimag, The Manilla Bulletin Online, 10 December 2004: "Wi-Fi is technically prohibited in the Metro Manila [area] and in Regions 3 and 4 because the 2.4-GHz frequency that it uses to transmit signals is also being utilized by power distributor Meralco for its own communication system. However, the National Telecommunications [Commission] (NTC) has ruled that Wi-Fi is allowed in enclosed premises, which include shopping malls, hotels, airport lounges, and restaurants."
  • HotCity Wireless "is a non-profit organization, established to promote the use of wireless technology as a media and tool for economic advancement in developing countries. Its founders hold as their guiding principle and foundation... The Declaration of Human Rights promulgated way back in 1948..." Click here for their discussion of "roadblocks" to the use of 2.4 GHz in the Philippines.

Asia & Pacific - Regional Overview