NOTE: The Office of Electronic Communications (Urząd Komunikacji Elektronicznej, UKE) was established on 14 January 2006 to replace the Office of Telecommunications and Post Regulation (URTiP).
"Rozporzadzenie Ministra Infrastruktury nr 1162" (Ministry of Infrastructure Directive No. 1162) 6 August 2002 - published in Poland's official gazette - Dzienniku Ustaw Nr 138, Poz.1162 - 30 August 2002. The annexes contain regulations for short-range devices, including RFID, wireless microphones and WLANs operating in the 2400-2483.5 MHz, 5150-5350 MHz and 5470-5725 MHz bands.
"Free 'hot spots' in the Warsaw district of Bemowo," ePractice.eu, 27 August 2007: "...At the moment, there are six base stations ready and the total number necessary for full district coverage is 3000. The network is supposed to be fully operational next year and the total cost estimation amounts to about €700,000... Without registering, only the start page www.bemowo.waw.pl will be operational... total speed for the whole district is 55 Mbit/s and the average user should have access to 512 Kbit/s of bandwidth."
Poland's "Act of 16 July 2004: Telecommunications Law," transposes EU directives on electronic communication (text in Polish or English, approximately 110 pages PDF).
According to Polish Radio 1st channel (7 October 2004), the Constitutional Tribunal has challenged the law requiring all owners of radio receivers and television sets to pay license fees. The Tribunal told the parliament and government to change this law by 30 September 2005. A detailed analysis of the issues - EU harmonization, financing for public broadcasters, etc. - is found in this English-language essay from issue 23 of the Polish Voice.