SERBIA - Србија

  • "Law on electronic communication adopted," B92 News, 29 June 2010, in English: "The Serbian parliament on Tuesday in Belgrade adopted the controversial new Law on Electronic Communication. The state ombudsman and several opposition parties warned that the new law enables the state to look at private communication between citizens without a court order... The law was also criticized by many experts, and the ombudsman announced that the Constitutional Court would be asked to weigh in on the constitutionality of the bill... The law focuses on organizing electronic communication, including projecting, construction, implementing, use and maintenance of the electronic networks. It also controls the use of radio frequency spectrum, distribution and broadcast of media content, protection of the rights of users, the security and integrity of electronic communication networks and services. The law was also needed in order to change analog signals to digital ones legally."
  • Slobodan Markovic, director of the Center for Internet Development in Belgrade, sent the following information: "ISM parts of the spectrum in Serbia are regulated by the Radio-Frequency Allocation Plan (adopted last year)... In general, Serbian Ministry for Capital Investments (Sector for Telecommunications) decided to abide by the ITU-R recommendations, so on page 44, point 54 of the plan they say the following about the terms of ISM bands usage:
    "54. RR 5.150 The following bands: 13553-13567 kHz (center frequency 13560 kHz), 26957-27283 kHz (center frequency 27120 kHz), 40.66-40.70 MHz (center frequency 40.68 MHz), 2400-2500 MHz (center frequency 2450 MHz), 5725-5875 MHz (center frequency 5800 MHz), and 24-24.25 GHz (center frequency 24.125 GHz) are also designated for industrial, scientific and medical (ISM) applications. Radiocommunication services operating within these bands must accept harmful interference, which may be caused by these applications. ISM equipment operating in these bands is subject to the provisions of RR No. 15.13."
    "The Plan also mentions other ISM bands, such as those regulated by RR 5.138, which are "subject to special authorization by the administration, in agreement with other operators whose radiocommunication services might be affected."
  • "Правилник о Врстама Радио-Станица за Које се не Издаје Дозвола За Радио-Станицу" (Rules on types of stations for which a radio licence is not required), Службени гласник РС бр. 29/06) (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 29/06) 2006, in Serbian. Basically conforms to European/ETSI norms for short-range devices (SRDs). General authorisation for WiFi using an "integral antenna" with maximum EIRP of 100 mW.
  • "The first WiFi Mesh network in Serbia: Internet for everyone," by Marko Andrejic, Digital Journal, 20 May 2009: "...During April and May, the citizens of Belgrade have the opportunity to try out - for free - the first WiFi Mesh network in Serbia. Wireless Internet was provided for them by the company ZoviMe ('CallMe') for now in the city centre – on Terazije Square and the Square of Nikola Pasic, in Knez Mihailova and Cika Ljubina Streets. By June, there will be [about] 100 Motorola MotoMeshDuo base stations in Belgrade and so the area covered by WiFi will continue to grow constantly. In this way, Belgrade will become the first capital in the Balkans with this type of telecommunication system..."
  • There are nonprofit community networks now in Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Arandjelovac, Čačak, Sombor, Arilje and Užice.
  • From an article about us by Slobodan Markovic (in Serbian): "Nova međunarodna inicijativa "Open Spectrum International" pokrenuta je ovog leta sa idejom da u narednih nekoliko godina pokuša da pokrene ovo pitanje na relevantnim međunarodnim forumima koji se bave politikom radio-komunikacija i upravljanjem spektrom..."
  • "Exorbitant Licences May Lead to Elimination of Private Broadcasters," by Ivana Stevanovic, OneWorld SouthEast Europe, 30 January 2006.

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