• The Federal Office of Communication (Ofcom) updated their WLAN pages on 17 March 2006. Click here for the English, French, German or Italian versions. "Factsheet: Wireless Local Area Networks (WLAN) & Radio Local Area Networks (RLAN)" says that WLANs and RLANs are exempt from frequency licenses in the 2400 - 2483.5 MHz (max. EIRP 100 mW), 5150 - 5350 MHz (max. EIRP 200mW - indoors only) and 5470 - 5725 MHz ranges (max EIRP 1000 mW). Directive antennas are allowed, but transmitter power must be reduced to maintain the EIRP limit. However, the FAQ says a service license may be required for telecom providers serving "third parties" on a subscription or contract basis. (If service is indoors and limited to a single space, a license may not be needed even if the space is "semi-public.") "Jointly operated" community nets serving a "small group" also do not need a license. In any case, Ofcom decides who needs a service license when a registration form is submitted.
  • National Frequency Plans.
  • "Verordnung vom 6. Oktober 1997 über Frequenzmanagement und Funkkonzessionen (FKV)" (Decree on frequency management and radio licences, 6 October 1997 in German): Article 8a exempts frequencies for "collective use" from licensing.
  • Swiss Wireless - resources for community network development in French and English.
  • "((o)) - Un signe pour faciliter l'accès aux réseaux WiFi gratuits" [((o)) - a sign to facilitate access to free Wi-Fi networks], press release in French from the Swiss branch of the Usability Professionals Association, 7 November 2007. They propose that wireless access points which are open to all should add the combination ((o)) to their SSID.
  • "Exploring the WISP industry: Swiss case study" by Giovanni Camponovo, Mark Heitmann, Katarina Stanoevska-Slabeva and Yves Pigneur, Bled Electronic Commerce Conference, 9-11 June 2003 (14 pages in English).
  • "Erstes Schweizer WLAN-Stadtnetz in Luzern," (First Swiss city-WLAN in Lucerne) Computerworld Online, 13 September 2006 in German: Lucerne will be the first Swiss city with comprehensive WiFi coverage, courtesy of the water/gas utility, but access will not be free.
  • "Zürcher Gratis-WLAN kommt," by Adrian Schulthess, 20 Minuten, 13 September 2006, in German: Zurich is likely to have city-wide WiFi coverage by 2007. With access points mounted on streetlamps, and backhaul provided by the city's existing fibre-optic network, use of the net will be free during the one-year test period, which has already started, though signal coverage is still limited.
  • "SBB-Waggons bald mit WLAN-Verbindung," (Swiss Rail wagons with WLAN connections soon) Computer World Online, 9 May 2007 in German. Translated excerpt: Together with Telekomanbieterin Swisscom, SBB wants to offer their first-class passengers a constant WLAN connection by the end of 2007. The SBB rail cars were actually supposed to be WLAN equipped in September 2005 but the technology at the time was inadequate.

Europe - Regional Overview