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  • "The Ministry of Communications Technology and Transport (MCTT) is the government agency responsible for formulating Tunisia's ICT sector policy. The ICT sector in Tunisia is governed by the Telecommunications Code established by Law No. 2001-1 of January 15, 2001. The law sets the regulatory framework for the ICT sector and aims to open up the market to private participation by introducing a licensing regime for the supply of ICT services and networks..." The law also established l'Agence Nationale des Fréquences. Regulations concerning spectrum management have been adopted, and "a regulation covering the area of private networks is under consideration..." ---from "Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Loan in the Amount of EUR 10.8 Million (US$13.13 Million Equivalent) to the Republic of Tunisia for an Information and Communication Technologies Sector Development Project," The World Bank, 10 June 2004.
  • "Arrêté du ministre des technologies de la communication du 11 Février 2002, fixant la puissance maximale et la limite de la portée des équipements radioélectriques de faible puissance et de portée limitée." (Decree of the Minister of Communications Technology for 11 February 2002, establishing the maximum power and range limit of low-power/short-range radioelectric equipment), in French. Covers cordless phones, wireless hearing aids and devices for delivering simultaneous translations, remote control devices, wireless microphones and data transmission via wireless local area networks (WLANs). Maximum power permitted for spread spectrum WLANs is just 10 mW and the signal must be encrypted for confidentiality.
  • "Arrêté du ministre des technologies de la communication et du transport du 14 Octobre 2004 modifiant l'arrêté du 11 février 2002, fixant la puissance maximale et la limite de la portée des équipements radioélectriques de faible puissance et de portée limitée" (see previous item - this is an October 2004 amendment which unfortunately seems not to be online.)
  • According to Wireless Networks for the Developing World: The Regulation and Use of Licence-Exempt Radio Bands in Africa by Isabel Neto (May 2004), WiFi in Tunisia is license exempt when used with an "integral antenna." But the power output limit is allegedly just 10mW. However, on page 202 she quotes a report from Tunisia: "New text, currently being prepared, accounts for radio low power low range devices, the introduction of new ISM equipment, ...the extension to the 5GHz band, the actualization of the National Frequency plan, and the expansion of new ISM bands..."
  • "Démocratisation du savoir - Technologies de pointe: sur la voie de la révolution numérique," La Presse (Tunis), 6 Octobre 2004. The next stage of Tunisia's ICT development plan is to reduce the country's internal digital divide.
  • At the ITU's Global Symposium for Regulators in December 2004, l'Instance Nationale de Telecommunications de Tunisie cited this principle guiding their regulatory work: "promouvoir l'introduction de nouvelles technologies hertziennes d'accès à Internet large bande pour le marché de masse, en raison de leurs équipements d'abonné bon marché, leur utilisation facile, le libre accès des fréquences radioélectriques utilisées qui ne sont pas soumises à licence, telles que le WIFI..." (to promote the introduction to the mass market of new wireless technologies for broadband Internet access, because the equipment is inexpensive for the subscriber, easy to use, makes free use of radio frequencies which are not subjected to licence, such as WIFI...)
  • "Tunisian Railway Company provides internet access onboard its trains," Tunisia Online, 18 March 2005: "This new service was made possible through a new venture financed [by] the National Solidarity Bank, a microcredit institution which provides young university graduates with low interest rate loans of up to 33,000 dinars to help them set up their own business ventures."
  • "Wi-Fi Internet in Tunisia" by Mohamed Marwen Meddah, SubZero Blue, 4 October 2005: "Wi-Fi is barely starting in Tunisia, apart from three airports and a very few hotels here and there, it's unlikely you'll come across any wireless hotspots..." His text brought a reply from someone named Marouen, who said, "I've been studying this issue some weeks ago and I found that in tunisia, Wifi frequency 2.4 Ghz is open to be used but needs a free licence from the National Frequencies Agency. And if the field is more than 100 meters (especially for point to point links) some fees are required also..."
  • Annuaire Professionnel des nouvelles technologies de l'Information et de la Communication en Tunisie - a 260-page professional directory of new ICTs in Tunisia, published annually by Symboles Média.

Africa - Regional Overview