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  • "African Regulatory Index Reports: Zambia," Technology Consulting Group Ltd./African ISP Association, June 2005: "The national regulator, the Communications Authority of Zambia (CAZ) is a statutory body established by Act of Parliament, Telecommunications Act No. 23 of 1994. It regulates the provisions of all telecommunication services, including products and supervises the radio frequency spectrum... The Ministry of Communications and Transport (MCT) is responsible for all activities in Zambia's telecommunications industry. It also oversees the functions of the Communications Authority... [R]egulatory barriers include delays in spectrum allocation and licensing requirements for wireless Internet provision..."
  • Article 11 of the Radio Communications Act of 1994 makes it an offense to possess, control or operate a radio station without a license. The table of license fees on CAZ's website says that a Citizen Band license costs K29,880 (€5.70). A cordless phone license costs K37,440 (€7.15). No license listed is specifically for wireless Internet access, but perhaps the license for a base station operating above 30MHz applies - that costs K62,460 (€11.95).
  • According to Isabel Neto's Wireless Networks for the Developing World: The Regulation and Use of License-Exempt Radio Bands in Africa (June 2004), Zambia automatically issues class licenses for WLANs in the 2.4 GHz band. Power output is limited to 1W. "No restrictions on the placing of transmitters. Currently only data is allowed. In the process of reviewing use of voice... In Zambia all frequency bands usage are required to have a license. There [are] plans to deregulate some bands as license free..."
  • "Utilization of 5GHz band in Zambia" - this is CAZ's report on the possibility of using the 5.725 - 5.850 GHz band for Fixed Wireless Access and ISM applications. It had been allocated to the Amateur Radio Service, but hams seldom used it. Apparently CAZ decided to require licenses for FWA since, aside from the legal requirement, "Communications Authority in its infancy does not receive any Revenue from the Government, hence the need to License these systems (FWA) in order to raise Revenue..." The License Fees are the same as those charged for common carriers Microwave Frequencies - K250,020 per transmitter (€47.80).
  • Performance of the Country ICT Sector: The Case for Zambia by John Slaighter Munsaka (University of Zambia, 2004): "The communication Authority has opened up the 5.6GHz WiFi band and has recently issued the first licence..."

Africa - Regional Overview